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Mercedes-AMG GT R: Developed in the "Green Hell"

Racing car with a permit for operation on public roads
Tuesday, December 13, 2016

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Mercedes-AMG GT R: Racing car with a permit for operation on public roads

Race ready
Race ready but electric cars are faster and will be even faster in the next 5 years

Affalterbach. From the world's most demanding racetrack directly onto the road: never before has Mercedes-AMG packed so much motorsport technology into a production vehicle than into the new AMG GT R. The front-mid-engine concept with transaxle, the twin-turbo V-8 engine rated at 430 kW/585 hp, the extensively modified suspension, the new aerodynamics and the intelligent lightweight construction lay the foundations for an especially dynamic driving experience. Even from afar, the exclusive "AMG green hell magno" special paintwork leaves no doubt as to the sports car's origin, having spent most of its development time in the "Green Hell" of the Nurburgring racetrack. Wider front and rear wings allow an increased track width for optimum grip and even higher cornering speeds. The new front apron with active elements, the large rear aerofoil and the new rear apron with double diffuser enhance aerodynamic efficiency and help ensure optimum grip. The lightweight forged wheels shod with cup tires as standard are likewise designed for maximum driving dynamics. The same applies to other new features such as the active rear-wheel steering, the nine-way adjustable traction control system and the adjustable coil-over suspension with additional electronic control. What is more, the new AMG Panamericana grille emphasizes the unique standing of the AMG GT R. Its characteristic form with vertical fins celebrated its world premiere on the Mercedes-AMG GT3 customer-sport racing car and has now also been used for the first time for an AMG series-production vehicle in the AMG GT R.

Mercedes-AMG continues to grow and is expanding the top end of its product range with the introduction of the new AMG GT R. "Our sports-car and performance brand AMG has its roots in motorsport and, ever since its formation, has repeatedly faced up to the competition on the racetrack. These genes are particularly prevalent in the new AMG GT R. Boasting a wealth of technological innovations, the new top-of-the-range model is proof of the close collaboration between our constructors of racing cars and road-going vehicles," states Professor Thomas Weber, Member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG, responsible for Group Research and Mercedes-Benz Cars Development.

"With the new AMG GT R, we have reached the next level of driving performance. This road-going sports car with motor-racing genes and innovative technical solutions offers an ultimate driving experience that allows people to feel our motorsport origins in every fiber. It combines the driving dynamics of our AMG GT3 racing car with the everyday practicality of the AMG GT. Those with petrol in their veins will be thrilled by the radical longitudinal and lateral acceleration, the precise turn-in, and the sensational grip. We have modified all performance-relevant components and linked them together intelligently for maximum driving dynamics," says Tobias Moers, CEO of Mercedes-AMG GmbH.

Technical data at a glance:

 

Mercedes-AMG GT R

Engine

4.0-litre V8 with twin turbochargers and direct injection

Displacement

3982 cc

Output

430 kW (585 hp) at 6250 rpm

Peak torque

700 Nm at 1900-5500 rpm

Drive system

Rear-wheel drive

Transmission

AMG SPEEDSHIFT DCT 7‑speed dual-clutch transmission

Fuel consumption -- urban/extra-urban/combined

 

15.1/9.2/11.4 l/100 km

Combined CO2 emissions

259 g/km

Efficiency class

G

Weight (DIN/EC)

1555*/1630** kg

Power-to-weight ratio

2.66*/2.79** kg/hp

Acceleration 0--100 km/h

3.6 s

Top speed

318 km/h

* Curb weight according to DIN, not including driver ** Curb weight according to EC, including driver (75 kg)

Featuring pioneering technologies, the AMG GT R was designed with racetrack use firmly in mind. Its development was largely based on vast motor-racing experience in AMG GT3 customer sport and the German Touring Car Masters.

Figures such as 3.6 seconds from zero to 100 km/h and a top speed of 318 km/h, combined with the outstanding driving dynamics, will undoubtedly translate into extremely fast laps on the racetrack. The new exclusive color "AMG green hell magno" alone establishes a visual link to the "Green Hell", the nickname for the legendary "North Loop" of the Nurburgring, emphasizing that the car's roots are firmly embedded in the racetrack.

Sharpened racetrack performance comes courtesy of the intelligent lightweight construction incorporating aluminum and carbon, specific reinforcements in the body shell, the uprated twin-turbo V-8 engine with the specifically adapted seven-speed dual-clutch transmission, the innovative aerodynamics with active components, and the new suspension with active rear-wheel steering and uniball joints.

The concept with front mid-engine and transmission in transaxle configuration on the rear axle, a tried-and-tested feature of the AMG GT and AMG GT S, makes for a beneficial rear-biased weight distribution of 47.3 to 52.7. In conjunction with the vehicle's low center of gravity, this translates into extremely agile handling and permits high cornering speeds. With a power-to-weight ratio of 2.66 kilograms per hp, the Mercedes-AMG GT R takes up pole position in its segment.

Exterior design and aerodynamics: Close collaboration between design and aerodynamics experts

Menacing Front End
Menacing Front End

Aerodynamics engineers and designers worked together more intensively than ever during development of the new AMG GT R. The AMG design idiom of "Dynamic Presence" forms the basis for the far more expressive overall appearance and the very distinct look. Form follows function, and function supports form: All elements have an inherent technical benefit and contribute to the enhanced driving dynamics, while the aerodynamics experts have made the designers' wishes a reality.

The design of the AMG GT R embodies sensuous clarity -- hot & cool. As well as the powerfully sculpted body and the motorsport components, the AMG Panamericana grille is a real eye-catcher. This unique feature also comes from the world of motorsport and has celebrated its standard-production premiere in the AMG GT R: Its 15 chrome-plated vertical fins cite the look of the new AMG GT3 racing car. The basic form of the new radiator grille goes back to the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL racing car that won the legendary Panamericana road race in Mexico in 1952.

Unbridled forwards thrust even when stationary: the front end

The low-slung front section and the forwards-inclined radiator grille create a distinctive "shark nose" impression and make the car appear to sit lower on the road. At the same time, this shape lowers the vehicle's back-pressure point, enhancing the flow of cooling air and the car's aerodynamic performance.

The V-shaped arrow-like appearance of the front end also enhances the dynamic looks, thus embodying the uninhibited forwards thrust of the AMG GT R even before it moves. A front apron featuring a completely new-look jet-wing design (based on the A-wing) emphasizes the feeling of width and lends the car a more road-hugging appearance. In terms of their shape, the large outer air intakes in the front apron are reminiscent of jet engines. They ensure that the increased cooling-air requirements of the AMG GT R drive system are met. For this reason, they sport two aerodynamically shaped horizontal fins in place of meshes and as a result route the airflow to the radiators without loss.

The wide front splitter reduces lift at the front axle. Additional Air Curtains on the outside of the front apron calm the airflow, improving the Cd value of the AMG GT R.

Thanks to their narrow, vertical openings, the Air Curtains also guide the air specifically towards the wheel arches, optimizing the flow properties. To ensure ideal airflow through the double wheel arch radiators, the AMG GT R additionally features new and unique wheel arch liners with special cooling-air slits.

All-new active aerodynamics profile in the underbody

Underbody exit tunnels at the rear
Underbody exit tunnels at the rear

A special engineering feat is the completely new active aerodynamics profile, which is concealed almost invisibly in the underbody in front of the engine. At a speed of 80 km/h in "RACE" mode, and at 120 km/h in "Comfort", "Sport" and "Sport Plus" modes, this carbon fiber element, which only weighs around two kilograms, automatically moves approximately 40 millimeters down. This process involves considerable change in the airflow and results in what is known as the Venturi effect, which additionally "sucks" the car onto the road and reduces the front-axle lift by around 40 kilograms at 250 km/h. If the AMG GT R in "RACE" mode drives more slowly than 60 km/h or in "Comfort“, "Sport" and "Sport Plus" modes more slowly than 80 km/h, the aerodynamics profile moves back in.

The driver can feel the advantages in the steering: the AMG GT R is even preciser to steer when cornering at high speed and exhibits even better directional stability. Especially during fast cornering and under high lateral acceleration, the AMG GT R delivers far more agile response with clear steering-wheel feedback while remaining easily controllable at all times. In addition, the drag coefficient is improved. As a result, the downforce on the rear axle remains at an unchanged high level.

The new-look aerodynamics profile is barely visible on the underbody and thus blends in harmoniously with the overall silhouette. When the electrically operated profile is extended, the radiator air outlet opens at the front end and precisely guides the air flow towards the double rear diffuser, which therefore also benefits from an optimal flow of air. This improves the handling stability of the rear axle while reducing the temperature level of the hotspots at the rear. At the same time, the aerodynamics package ensures optimized stopping power by routing more cold air to the wheel discs specifically.

Louvres control the airflow: the active air management system AIRPANEL

Another technical highlight improving the aerodynamics of the AMG GT R is the active air management system AIRPANEL. This system has vertical louvres positioned in the lower area directly behind the front apron. These louvres are electronically controlled and can be opened and closed in around a second by an electric motor to improve the airflow and consequently the aerodynamic performance.

The louvres are normally closed ‑ including at top speed, during braking and when cornering at high speed. This position lowers drag and makes it possible to route the air to the underbody to reduce front lift even further. Only once predefined components have reached certain temperatures and the demand for cooling air is particularly high do the louvres open and allow the maximum amount of cooling air to flow to the heat exchangers. This calls for highly intelligent and fast control.

The aerodynamic innovations in the AMG GT R were initially developed during simulation and then optimized in many hours in the wind tunnel. Extensive test drives -- including on the Nordschleife of the Nurburgring -- confirmed the results.

The overall aerodynamics concept of the AMG GT R ensures an optimal balance of lift and downforce in all operating states and furthermore reduces drag compared with the AMG GT.

Powerful and long: the side view

Developed in the Green Monster
Developed in the 'Green Hell'

The front wings of super-light carbon add a total of 46 millimeters to the width of the AMG GT R at the front and make room for the wider track and large wheel/tire combinations. The powerfully sculpted wings emphasize the longitudinal dynamics in addition. A further distinguishing feature is the special wing signet featuring a fin and a large air outlet through which the waste heat from the engine bay flows. This fin is perforated and incorporates the AMG diamond logo with five slats.

The side view additionally benefits from the new, optional AMG Performance forged wheels in matt black. The especially lightweight 10-spoke wheel is exclusive to the AMG GT R and its highly elaborate design includes a drop-center rim, a milled groove and two high-sheen rim rings of different width. There are size 10.0 J x 19 ET56 wheels at the front and 12.0 J x 20 ET52 at the rear. The lightweight design of the wheels has three advantages: it reduces the overall weight, the rotatory mass and the unsprung masses.

Efficiency and performance are enhanced, while the wheel suspension and steering deliver even more precise response, all of which also has a positive effect on the chassis and suspension control systems.

The wheels afford a clear view of the brake calipers, which are painted in yellow exclusively for the AMG GT R. New side sill panels make the vehicle look even lower stance on the road, while inserts in high-gloss black set an individual tone. The same applies to the high-gloss black caps on the housings of the door mirrors.

The AMG GT R comes as standard with a roof made of high-grade carbon to underscore the high-contrast look of the vehicle.

Emphasis on width and aerodynamic optimization: the rear end

The rear end also features numerous, conspicuous innovations: The new aluminum side walls widen the rear of the AMG GT R by a total of 57 millimeters, creating space for the larger 20-inch wheels and the wider track. Both measures make for improved traction while allowing higher cornering speeds.

The wider design of the rear apron with large outer vent openings and vertical swage lines improves the airflow at the rear end, as does the double diffuser. The overall heat dissipation is optimized as the warm air is exhausted by the double diffuser during driving.

A small air outlet is incorporated between the tail lamps for additional dissipation of the heat generated by the rear silencer. A further distinguishing feature of the AMG GT R is the large exhaust tip with centerpiece, which is centrally positioned in the rear apron. It is flanked by two more black exhaust tips on left and right in the diffuser.

The large rear wing is rigidly mounted on the hatch and increases the downforce on the rear axle. The aerofoil mounts are painted in vehicle color whereas the blade is finished in high-gloss black. Depending on the type of use or racetrack conditions, the precise angle of the blade can be adjusted manually ‑ yet another technique also used in motorsport.

Carriageway contact increased, wind resistance cut

The result: all of the aerodynamic measures combined increase the carriageway contact at top speed by 155 kilograms compared with the AMG GT. The new AMG GT R therefore offers maximum grip, perfect drivability and a powerfully proportioned design that integrates the aerodynamic functions harmoniously. And there's more: despite its higher engine output, extra width, chunkier tires, larger rear aerofoil, raised cooling-air demand and increased downforce, the AMG GT R has an even lower drag coefficient (cd) than the AMG GT.

Interior design: Ready to race: interior with light sports bucket seats

To give the driver of the new AMG GT R ideal conditions in which to drive, the interior is also strongly inspired by motorsport. Particularly light, manually adjustable AMG sports bucket seats upholstered in nappa leather and DINAMICA microfiber come as standard. They offer the necessary lateral support even during extreme driving maneuvers. Alternatively, tried-and-tested, multiply adjustable AMG performance seats can be ordered as an option at no extra cost.

The optional yellow seat belts, dials with yellow highlights, the AMG Interior Piano Lacquer package and special controls, including those for the new AMG TRACTION CONTROL, underline the unique standing of the new AMG GT R.

The wide-looking dashboard is reminiscent of a powerful wing and continues the aviation design theme. Four central spotlight-style vents and the individual vents at the right and left ends of the dashboard reinforce this impression. In conjunction with the high beltlines, the concave-shaped door paneling and the dynamic center console, the AMG GT R comes across as the ultimate driving machine and consummately integrates the driver into the cockpit thanks to the low seat position.

The shape of the dominant center console reminiscent of a NACA air intake and the authentic materials suggest that it has been adopted directly from motor racing. Positioned centrally, the free-standing central display is another eye-catching feature. Attention to detail is also echoed in the AMG DRIVE UNIT controls: They are arranged like eight cylinders in a V layout, emphasizing the powerful and hi-tech impression made by the center console.

The new AMG Interior Night package likewise comes as standard. In this package, the shift paddles, steering wheel spokes, seat insert (on the AMG performance seat), door sills and boot cross member are finished in high-gloss black, which combines with the standard-specification AMG Interior Piano Lacquer package to further emphasize the sportiness. Customers can optionally order the trim in matt black carbon fiber.

Anyone wishing to emphasize the close connection to motorsport even further can choose the optional AMG Carbon Fiber package. With this package the rear wing blade, the rear wing end plates and the exterior mirror housing are in high-quality-processed carbon fiber.

AMG Lightweight Performance: More equipment, less weight

Lightweight and powerful
Lightweight and powerful

One key factor that influences the performance of a sports car is weight. Mercedes-AMG uses an intelligent material mix for the structure of the AMG GT R: various aluminum alloys for the chassis and body, steel for the boot lid and magnesium for the front deck. This extremely light element at the front reduces the inertia ahead of the front axle, thus improving the vehicle's agility.

The weight-optimized spaceframe is made of die-cast and extruded aluminum sections. The high bending and torsional strength of the entire design enables extreme linear and transverse forces from the drivetrain and suspension to be absorbed and transferred. Unwanted flexibility is thus reduced, with the vehicle responding precisely and directly. The result: The driver experiences a sports car with maximum dynamics that responds with outstanding precision.

Materials from motor racing

A host of further measures contributes to weight reduction as part of the AMG lightweight-performance strategy. A variety of components all play a role in this respect. The use of carbon fiber, the lightweight and high-strength material from motorsport, helps to achieve the ambitious goals. Carbon fiber is the material of choice for, among other things, the front wings and the torque tube between engine and transmission.

Now weighing in at just 13.9 kilograms, the carbon fiber torque tube is about 40 percent lighter than its already weight-optimized aluminum counterpart in the AMG GT. As a structural component of the transaxle drivetrain, it creates a connection between the engine and the transmission with extreme flexural and torsional stiffness. It permits a very direct connection of the drivetrain that is favorable to driving dynamics and also plays a role in the vehicle's balanced weight distribution. Not only does the torque tube absorb the high forces and torques during driving, it also withstands the dynamic load changes and load peaks that come with a sporty driving style.

In October 2016 the innovative carbon fiber-reinforced component was presented with the MATERIALICA Design+Technology Award in the "Product" category. The jury was particularly impressed that the tube-shaped main body section including the highly stressed connecting flange is now monolithically produced from one piece. Relinquishing a metallic connecting flange marks a new milestone in composite production and facilitates extreme lightweight construction.

Further weight advantages come from the standard-fit forged wheels, the titanium rear silencer and fewer soundproofing materials. Overall, the new AMG GT R is 15 kilograms lighter than the AMG GT S, despite incorporating far more technical features, such as the large rear aerofoil, the rear-wheel steering, the active aerodynamics, and the body and chassis reinforcements.

For the intelligent combination of high-tech materials the AMG GT R was presented with the Automotive and Transport Innovation Award in September 2016 by EXPERIENCE COMPOSITES 2016, a new specialist show for compound fiber materials, lightweight construction and carbon fiber.

New: carbon fiber tunnel cross for maximum torsional rigidity

The AMG experts designed the new lightweight-construction component to reduce the weight while also increasing the torsional rigidity. The new carbon fiber tunnel cross of the AMG GT R replaces three different steel components of the AMG GT. The cross is mounted under the exhaust system and the torque tube.

It further stiffens the body considerably for withstanding the high torsional loads that occur during racing. To this end, it braces the two vehicle sides against each other even more effectively in the tunnel area for the torque tube, increasing the torsional rigidity by some 7.5 percent. This increase is especially remarkable because even the standard AMG GT already boasts a high level of torsional rigidity. After the first few meters already, the driver gets an extremely precise driving impression, which is maintained even in the event of extreme vehicle loads when driving at the dynamic limits. The fact that the body of the car is more composed allows even better control of the AMG GT R under difficult racetrack conditions such as fast, bumpy corners and means that less steering effort is required.

Over and above this, two diagonal braces in the engine bay stiffen the front end. In the AMG GT R, they are likewise made of carbon fiber and represent weight savings of about 50 percent over steel components.

Intelligent mix of materials: composite wheel-catch struts

The AMG lightweight construction experts use an intelligent material mix for the so-called wheel-catch struts made of a composite material. In an accident, these components help to guide the front wheels onto the side members as part of the intended crash kinematics, and to catch them there. The composite struts are about 50 percent lighter than equivalent steel components. Compared with carbon fiber, the composite material has the advantage of being significantly more deformable while offering good strength.

AMG 4.0-litre V8 biturbo engine: More power, more torque, faster response

The heart of the new high-performance athlete is pumping stronger than ever: the AMG 4.0-litre twin-turbo engine in the AMG GT R has an output of 430 kW (585 hp), which is 55 kW (75 hp) more than the previous top-of-the-range engine in the AMG GT S. The peak torque of 700 Nm is available between 1900 and 5500 rpm.

The increase in performance was achieved with the help of new turbochargers with modified compressor machining, smaller wastegate aneroid capsule and sharpened engine mapping. The boost pressure supplied by the turbochargers has been increased from 1.2 bar in the AMG GT to 1.35 bar. In addition, the exhaust ports have been optimized and the compression ratio modified. The entire combustion process has been adapted.

A correspondingly modified application of the accelerator characteristics, charge-pressure build-up and transmission parameters ensures that the engine responds to load changes even more spontaneously and that gear changes are effected with even greater speed. The fact that the two-mass flywheel is 0.7 kilograms lighter than its counterpart in the AMG GT S likewise contributes to the highly agile impression.

Linear output with powerful thrust

The eight-cylinder unit thrills with its spontaneous response, precisely measured power output and linear power delivery with powerful thrust in all engine speed ranges, all of which makes the car far easier to control when driving at the limit. To make this possible, the sophisticated engine control electronics also take into account the current driving status and control the accelerator characteristics as a function of the occurring lateral forces also.

The AMG 4.0-litre V8 comes with well-proven twin turbocharging, with the two chargers not located outside on the cylinder banks, but rather between them in the V of the cylinders. The advantages of the "hot inner V" are a compact engine design, spontaneous response from the turbochargers and low exhaust gas emissions thanks to optimum air flow for the close-coupled catalytic converters. This basic principle of the new AMG V8 family has been further optimized for the AMG GT R, enabling a further improvement in performance.

The maximum charge pressure is 1.35 bar; the turbochargers have a maximum speed of 186,000 revolutions per minute.

For optimum power output even when outside temperatures are high, Mercedes-AMG uses indirect air-to-water intercooling. With optimum flow of air and water, the intercoolers have a separate, two-stage low-temperature water circuit. The first cooler stage involves two parallel coolers in the left and right wheel arch. Together with the large radiator at the front of the vehicle as a second radiator stage, the system is even more effective than in the AMG GT S. The downstream water-cooled intercoolers ensure that the charge air compressed and heated by the turbochargers is cooled effectively prior to entering the combustion chambers. It therefore remains at a constantly low level even under full load. Extremely short charge-air ducting makes for optimum responsiveness.

Multiple injection with piezo injectors

The combination of twin turbochargers and direct petrol injection with spray-guided combustion increases thermodynamic efficiency and output. Particularly fast and precise piezo injectors spray the fuel at high pressure into the eight combustion chambers. Multiple injection occurs on-demand, ensuring a homogeneous fuel/air mixture. The delivery of fuel is electronically controlled and fully variable for a fuel pressure between 100 and 200 bar.

The aluminum crankcase is produced using sand casting technology and features a closed-deck design. This ensures extreme strength while keeping the weight as low as possible, and allows high injection pressures of up to 140 bar. The NANOSLIDE coating of the cylinder liners is also used in the Formula One engines of MERCEDES-AMG PETRONAS. It is far harder than conventional grey cast-iron liners and therefore less susceptible to wear. In addition to this, its reduced friction in combination with the aluminum forged pistons helps to increase efficiency.

Four overhead camshafts control a total of 32 valves. Camshaft adjustment on the intake and exhaust side enables an excellent throttle response and optimizes the gas cycle for each operating point.

The dry sump lubrication also ensures the oil supply even with high lateral forces and allows the engine to be installed lower, thus moving the center of gravity closer to the road and forming the basis for high lateral acceleration.

The engine for the AMG GT R is also fitted by hand in the hand-finishing section of AMG's production plant in Affalterbach based on the "One Man - One Engine" philosophy. This means that each engine is assembled by a highly qualified engine builder who applies the strictest quality standards. This engineer is responsible for everything from installing the crankshaft in the engine block and assembling the camshafts to wiring the engine and filling it with engine oil ‑ as clearly evidenced by the signature on the AMG engine badge.

Pure sound: the AMG performance sports exhaust system

The specially developed exhaust system not only delivers genuine racing car sound, it also saves around six kilograms of weight compared with the AMG GT S thanks to the use of titanium for the rear silencer and thin-walled stainless steel for the front section of the exhaust system.

With its special, hexagonal form, the large tailpipe tip centered in the rear apron emphasizes the car's motor-racing character. Two more tailpipes are located on the left and right in the diffuser. Their tips are sheathed in carbon fiber like in motorsport to protect the diffuser against high exhaust temperatures. The exhaust system features two infinitely variable exhaust flaps as standard, which have a direct influence on the sound of the AMG GT R.

The exhaust flaps open and close depending on the selected AMG DRIVE SELECT mode, although they can also be controlled individually using a separate button in the AMG DRIVE UNIT. In the "Comfort" and "Sport" settings, the low-frequency sound typical of a V8 is designed for comfort. In "Sport Plus" and "RACE" modes, meanwhile, the sound composition is far more emotive.

Suspension: Motorsport technology for top racetrack performance

The suspension of the new AMG high-performance sports model is also systematically designed for racetrack use. Wishbones, steering knuckles and hub carriers on the front and rear axle are manufactured entirely out of forged aluminum in order to reduce the unsprung masses. The double-wishbone concept locates the wheel firmly, with minimal elastic movements. The high camber and toe-in stability results in high cornering speeds and also provides the driver with an optimum feel for the road when cornering at the extreme limits.

The uniball spherical bearings on the lower wishbones of the rear axle are also inspired by motorsport. They are significantly more wear-resistant than wishbone bushings and due to their design have no play, which means toe-in and camber do not change even under high loads. As a result, the AMG GT R can be driven with even more precision.

In addition, the rear axle is fitted with a thicker tubular anti-roll bar. It has been adapted to the heightened driving dynamics requirements of the AMG GT R and saves weight due to its hollow design.

New development: AMG coil-over suspension

The new AMG coil-over suspension was designed specifically for the AMG GT R. This technology familiar from motorsport is combined with the AMG RIDE CONTROL continuously variable, adaptive damping system. The system is controlled electronically and adjusts the damping at each wheel automatically to suit the current driving situation, the current speed and the road or track surface.

The damping characteristics are modulated rapidly and precisely by two separate valves for the rebound and compression forces in the dampers. A harder damping rate, for example when cornering and braking, effectively reduces rolling movements.

The continuous adjustment of the damping to the current speed also ensures the best possible road contact even at high speeds, thus enhancing safety.

Adaptive damping adjustment in three stages

The driver can also adjust the adaptive damping characteristics at the touch of a button in the AMG DRIVE UNIT or by using the AMG DYNAMIC SELECT drive modes. Three modes are available: "Comfort", "Sport" and "Sport Plus". The purpose of each of the three damping characteristics is clear: "Comfort" is the right choice for public roads; "Sport" is perfect for racetracks like the North Circuit of the Nurburgring, in other words for highly dynamic driving on partially undulating racetracks with maximum surface contact. "Sport Plus" is ideal for more flat, modern Grand Prix circuits such as Hockenheim and conveys a high degree of structural rigidity.

Conventional suspension measures include the wider front and rear track as well as the standard-fit Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tires, of size 275/35 ZR 19 at the front and 325/30 ZR 20 at the rear. The street-legal racing tires allow faster laps and up to 50 percent more mileage on the racetrack.

Agility and stability: the active rear-wheel steering

The new AMG GT R is even more sensitive to steering inputs thanks to standard-fit active rear-wheel steering, which is being used for the first time on a Mercedes-AMG model. The system offers an ideal combination of agility and stability ‑ handling characteristics that are normally in direct conflict.

Two steering actuators replace the conventional control arms on the rear axle of the AMG GT R. At the heart of the system are two electro-mechanical actuators (electric motors with jackscrew) that are not mechanically connected to the steering wheel.

This "by-wire" system adjusts the rear wheels within a predefined operating map by means of electronic control. The maximum toe angle change on the rear wheels of the AMG GT R is 1.5 degrees.

Up to a speed of 100 km/h, the rear wheels are turned in the opposite direction to the front wheels, corresponding to a virtual shortening of the wheelbase. The advantage of the AMG GT R is far more agile when steering into bends, resulting in even greater driving enjoyment and less steering effort ‑ especially on small and winding roads, narrow racetracks on which there are multiple changes in direction, or slalom courses. Further benefits include increased maneuverability and a smaller turning circle in everyday driving situations ‑ such as when turning or parking.

Once the speed of the AMG GT R exceeds 100 km/h, the system turns the rear wheels in the same direction as the front wheels, corresponding to a virtual lengthening of the wheelbase and improving handling stability. At the same time, the lateral force on the rear wheels builds up considerably faster when changing direction, which makes the response to steering inputs quicker. Drivers also notice that the AMG GT R delivers massive grip on the rear axle and strong stability during fast changes in direction.

The active rear-wheel steering not only improves cornering, it also assists the driver in the event of sudden evasive maneuvers and thus enhances active safety, This makes the AMG GT R easier to control at the limit.

The standard 3-stage ESP® with the settings "ESP ON", "ESP SPORT Handling Mode" and "ESP OFF" works in perfect unison with the limited-slip differential and is optimally adapted to the outstanding driving dynamics of the AMG GT R. The programming for the “ESP OFF” mode is taken from the AMG GT3.

Grip to the power of nine: AMG TRACTION CONTROL

In “ESP OFF” mode, another innovation allows the driver to exert even more influence on the handling characteristics of the AMG GT R. The new AMG TRACTION CONTROL system also comes directly from motorsport. It allows drivers to pre-select the slip on the driven rear axle in nine levels. Just like in the current AMG GT3, it isolates the grip on the driven wheels and does not affect the stabilization provided by the ESP®. Corresponding characteristic maps are programmed into the vehicle electronics to this end.

Control is via a special rotary switch located in the center console below the ventilation outlets. Depending on the setting, the system permits more or less slip on the rear wheels ‑ very helpful in varying road conditions. Level 1 is programmed for driving in the wet with high safety reserves. Level 9 allows maximum slip on the rear axle. A luminescent band of LEDs around the rotary switch indicates the current setting ‑ this display logic likewise has its origins in motorsport. In addition, the setting is indicated on the instrument cluster's central display.

The AMG development has a major advantage over conventional systems in that it anticipates situations with the help of a virtual µ(mu) simulator and other data processed by a control unit within fractions of a second. The maximum permissible drive slip at the rear wheels is calculated depending on the selected AMG TRACTION CONTROL setting. When the wheels reach this level of slip during acceleration, the traction control modulates the engine output so that this level is not exceeded and the vehicle continues accelerating with this specified slip. The effect of the electronic limited-slip differential is also included in the adjustment scope. This control therefore takes place without lag, further enhancing both driving enjoyment and performance.

The driver receives assistance for one of the most challenging aspects of driving, namely selecting the optimum engine torque and the optimum torque increase when accelerating out of a turn. Drivers can get as much grip as they want and have dialed in. The precisely measured power delivery of the engine when accelerating out of a turn is one of the most important criteria for achieving a top lap time.

Electronically controlled: the rear-axle locking differential

As standard, the AMG GT R is equipped with an electronically controlled limited-slip differential on the rear axle, which is integrated into the compact transmission housing. Its sensitive and rapid control elevates the physical handling limits to a new level. It not only further improves the grip of the driven wheels, but also increases the cornering speeds at the limit. The system operates with a variable locking effect in acceleration and overrun mode, and is perfectly fitted to various handling conditions and road friction coefficients.

Variable ratio: speed-sensitive sports steering

The speed-sensitive sports steering features a variable steering ratio, which enhances vehicle handling and agility at low speeds while maintaining driving safety at high speeds. The power assistance is a particular highlight: It responds not only depending on the given road speed, but also according to the current lateral acceleration and the selected AMG DYNAMIC SELECT drive mode. The result: The driver has a perfect feel for the vehicle thanks to the direct feedback from the road.

Fade-resistance and consistent performance: the brakes

The high-performance compound braking system ensures excellent deceleration and high fade-resistance with internally ventilated and perforated brake discs of diameter 390 millimeters on the front axle and 360 millimeters on the rear axle. The brake calipers are painted yellow as standard. They are also optionally available in red for no extra charge.

A ceramic high-performance composite brake system is available as an option. The advantages of this system are a weight saving of approx.15 kilograms, a longer service life and even better fade resistance thanks to the ceramic brake discs with a diameter of 402 millimeters at the front and 360 millimeters at the rear.

Pure motorsport equipment: Three features for the racetrack

AMG Track package

Those who head off to the racetrack at the weekend choose the optional AMG Track package, which can be ordered exclusively for the AMG GT R. It consists of a roll-over protection system, an included 4-point seat belt for the driver and a fire extinguisher.

The screwed steel tube cage of the roll-over protection system is positioned directly behind the seats and painted black. On special request a version is available in the vehicle color. The cage comprises a main bar, a belt anchor point strut, two rear struts plus a diagonal rear cross. The system offers the driver even greater protection in case of an accident. It also further increases the already excellent vehicle rigidity and thus also has a positive influence on the vehicle's dynamics.

The included 4-point seat belt is exclusively intended for use on the racetrack and only in combination with the AMG sports bucket seat. It fixes the driver optimally in the seat even during strong lateral acceleration. Due to the central buckle it is also very quick and easy to unfasten the belt. It goes without saying that the 3-point seat belt for on-road use remains on board.

The fire extinguisher with two kilograms of extinguishing agent is also included with the vehicle and is quickly to hand with a single grasp.

AMG Track tires

Special Track tires for the AMG GT R are available exclusively via the AMG Performance Studio in Affalterbach. Due to their special design and mixture they offer a high degree of grip and precision in dry conditions. They are configured primarily for the racetrack.

AMG Track Pace

The new AMG Track Pace feature is also available for the AMG GT R. So the smartphone becomes a personal race engineer. Customers can use it to analyze and improve their track driving style and to share this with other AMG drivers via Facebook, YouTube or the AMG Private Lounge. Via WiFi the app for the Apple iPhone® is connected with the AMG GT R, which then conveys numerous data to the app in real time. These include the speed, gear, steering angle, time, position and acceleration.

Lap or sector times on racetracks can be saved. To this end numerous track profiles are already stored on the app. Drivers are also able to record and save further racetracks themselves. In addition the Apple iPhone® camera records driving on the racetrack, so the driver receives an interactive video of their racing experience with all the telemetry data superimposed.

Technical Data

Engine

Number of cylinders/arrangement

 

8/V, 4 valves per cylinder

Displacement

cc

3982

Bore x stroke

mm

83.0 x 92.0

Rated output

kW/hp

430 (585) at 6250 rpm

Rated torque

Nm

700 at 1900-5500 rpm

Compression ratio

 

9.5 : 1

Mixture formation

 

Microprocessor-controlled direct petrol injection, twin turbochargers with 1.35 bar charge-air pressure

Power transmission

Drive system

 

Standard drive, transaxle

Transmission

 

AMG SPEEDSHIFT DCT 7‑speed dual clutch transmission

Gear ratios

Final-drive ratio

1st gear

2nd gear

3rd gear

4th gear

5th gear

6th gear

7th gear

Reverse gear

 

3.88

3.08

2.19

1.63

1.29

1.03

0.84

0.69

R 2.79

Suspension

 

Front axle

Aluminum double-wishbone suspension, braking torque support, mechanically steplessly adjustable coil springs (coil-over suspension), AMG RIDE CONTROL electronically controlled, adaptive adjustable damping (selectable in three settings), anti-roll bar

Rear axle

Aluminum double-wishbone axle with starting/braking torque support as well as active rear-axle steering, mechanically steplessly adjustable coil springs (coil-over suspension), AMG RIDE CONTROL electronically controlled, adaptive adjustable damping (selectable in three settings), anti-roll bar

 

Braking system

390 mm compound disc brakes at the front, ventilated and perforated, 360 mm compound disc brakes at the rear, ventilated and perforated, electric parking brake at the rear, ABS, Brake Assist, 3-stage ESP®

Steering

Electromechanical speed-sensitive rack-and-pinion sports power steering system with variable steering ratio

Wheels

front: 10.0 J x 19 ET56; rear: 12.0 J x 20 ET52

Tires

front: 275/30 ZR 19; rear 325/30 ZR 20

Dimensions and weights

Wheelbase

mm

2630

Track, front/rear

mm

1693/1683

Overall length

mm

4551

Overall width

mm

2007

Overall height

mm

1284

Turning circle

m

11.47

Boot capacity*

l

285-350

to DIN**

kg

1555

Curb weight acc. to EC***

kg

1630

Payload (based on curb weight acc. to EC)

kg

260

Perm. GVW

kg

1890

Tank capacity/of which reserve

l

65/10

Performance and fuel consumption

Acceleration 0--100 km/h

s

3.6

Top speed

km/h

318

Fuel consumption combined

l/100 km

15.1/9.2/11.4

Combined CO2 emissions

g/km

259

Efficiency class

 

G

*according to VDA measuring method; ** fuel tank 90% full, without driver; *** fuel tank 90% full, with driver (75 kg)

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